The January full Moon , known as the Wolf Moon received its name long ago by the Native Americans the Algonquin tribes from New England to Lake Superior, of what is now Northern and Eastern United States. Tribes kept track of seasons by giving distinctive names to each recurring Full Moon. The settlers followed that custom and created some of their own names. Since the lunar month is only 29 days long on the average, the full Moon days shift from year to year. The full Wolf Moon - January Amid the cold and deep snows of midwinter the wolf packs howled hungrily out side the Indian villages. Thus, the name for January's full Moon be came the Wolf Moon.